You may have seen wind turbines rotating at the sea or oceans, and you are wondering why they are there and how they work. Well, those turbines make up offshore wind farms and are a source of renewable energy from the wind. They are installed in the sea waters to take advantage of the fast wind speeds available at sea since there are no wind barriers to produce significant amounts of energy. People’s energy needs keep on increasing, which demands substantial amounts of energy. These offshore wind farms provide a firm commitment to meeting the growing demand for clean and renewable energy sources worldwide.
How do offshore wind farms work?
First of all, note that offshore wind energy construction or installation is complex and requires professional engineers’ knowledge. Licensed companies such as IHC IQIP offer installation services for offshore wind farms and renewables. Since it takes place in the sea, it requires heavy machinery such as pile drivers, which can only be used by qualified engineers.
Offshore wind farms are constructed in shallow waters at sea about 60meters deep. However, the recent developments include installing floating foundations of offshore wind farms in deep waters. This takes place away from natural zones and regions with significant maritime traffic to protect marine life. So research is conducted beforehand to ensure that. The wind turbines generate energy through the rotating blades that work like wings on a helicopter.
It results in pressure on both sides of the blades, causing the rotor’s rotation, which connects to a generator converting the energy into power. In simpler terms, the wind turbines convert the wind into power through the rotating blades’ aerodynamic force. Substantial wind farms are installed to make the most out of offshore wind energy. In addition to that, as technology advances, they are equipped with the latest technologies to produce more significant amounts of energy.
The increasing demand for renewable energy sources has continued lowering the costs of installing offshore wind farms, but it is not without its technical downsides. Working at sea is challenging and expensive. It requires many considerations, including the heavy components involved, their size, transportation to the sea, planning, weather considerations, research, and legal requirements that must be met to protect the environment. Qualified and experienced teams of engineers also facilitate the installation.
Why offshore wind energy?
It is clean and renewable.
Offshore wind energy is clean and renewable compared to other energy sources, such as fuel and coal. They are associated with toxic emissions and environmental pollution, plus they get depleted. Offshore wind energy is emission-free; therefore, it does not pollute the environment. Additionally, it is a natural resource because it comes from the wind, which never runs out even if the whole world uses it as a source of energy. It is renewable.
It is reliable and efficient.
As earlier mentioned, people’s energy demands grow each day as technology advances. This demands reliable sources of energy. Offshore wind turbines take advantage of the high wind speeds at sea to produce significant energy amounts, which helps meet the high energy demands. It never runs out, so it is an efficient source of energy as well.
Offshore wind energy is renewable, non-polluting, and unlimited, providing an efficient way to satisfy high energy demands.